One of the major problem in African counties apart from poverty is Mosquitoes. Every year thousands of people which include majority of children dies due to Malaria and other mosquito borne diseases. Mosquitoes play havoc in many countries of Africa such as Ethiopia, Sudan, Chad, Somalia and Uganda. It’s been said Alexander the Great who conquered half the world was killed by the bite of mosquito bearing malaria parasites. These mosquitoes still remain influential to this day, causing thousands of fatalities and many more thousands fall sick. It has also became the reason for economic slow down of African nations and halting industrial operations and growth. Unlike many developed countries, the poor people cannot afford repellents like Repel 100 which is the best mosquito repellent in United States. They are also less awareness among people as to how to control mosquito population and protect from mosquito borne diseases.
Mosquitoes are said to be major animal that causes the transmission of the most vector borne diseases. Anopheles which is mosquito of particular species are responsible for transmitting malaria from one person to another. There are other species of mosquitoes which spread dengue, west nile virus, yellow fever and many more dreadful diseases. These mosquitoes have different biting habit, some bite at night while others bite during day time. They also have different habitats for example some species breeds in a deep dirty water, others in a shallow clean water. Some mosquito species need bright sunlight, while others breed only under deep shade of forest. The specific habitats and their living condition provide the keys in controlling their population and preventing them from spreading diseases.
Malaria is one of the most dreadful disease in Africa. Its been said that millions people get affected by Malaria and about 1 million dies every year due to this. Malaria exist in almost all tropical as well as subtropical region across the world. Malaria is said to be present in more than hundred countries. There are 4 species of parasites that affect humans, but 2 of them Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum account for majority of the cases. Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous causing majority of the fatality. Plasmodium falciparum malaria poses the major threat in Africa, as it kills human very quickly and can reinfect even those who develop semi-protective immunity. The majority of death due to malaria occurs in children under the age of 2 year old.
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